OUR HISTORY


Islamic Law

The council is concerned with the Muslim Personal Law which covers Marriages, Divorces and Inheritance issues.

The Founding Organisations / Centers:

  1. London Central Mosque and Islamic Cultural Center, London.

  2. Muslim World League

  3. Markazi Jamiat Ahl-e-Hadith, UK

  4. UK Islamic Mission

  5. D'awatul Islam, UK

  6. Jamia Mosque & Islamic Center, Birmingham

  7. Islamic Center, Glasgow

  8. Islamic Center, Didsbury, Manchester

  9. Jamia Masjid Hanafiya, Bradford

  10. Muslim Welfare House, London

The scholars representing these centers represent all major schools of thought among the Sunnis. The Council is also widely accepted by the UK Muslim community and this is shown by the sheer volume of enquiries related to marital problems which it receives from the general UK public: additionally, a significant number of solicitors who were able only to secure civil divorces for their clients have found recourse with the Council regarding also securing Islamic divorces for their respective clients.

Members of council


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The scholars representing these centres represent all major schools of thought among the Sunnis. The Council is also widely accepted by the UK Muslim community and this is shown by the sheer volume of enquiries related to marital problems which it receives from the general UK public: additionally, a significant number of solicitors who were able only to secure civil divorces for their clients have found recourse with the Council by securing Islamic divorces for their respective clients.

Feelings of llienation are felt by many Muslims, male and female

A group of concerned Muslim scholars and field workers among the Muslim community, aware of the acute sense of alienation felt by many Muslims, when it comes to solving their personal problems, met together in mid-1982, at the Central Mosque of Birmingham and decided to establish "The Islamic Shari'a Council" to be a quasi-Islamic Court. It would apply Islamic rules in what was presented to it, of the Family problems in particular and any Islamic questions in general.

The founding meeting was attended by Muslim scholars representing the major Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence, as well as the well-known and leading personalities within the Muslim Community. After discussion, dwelling in particular upon the problems facing Muslim families as a result of obtaining judgments in their favor from non-Islamic Courts in the country, but not having the sanction of the Islamic Shari'a, it was decided to establish the said Council with membership comprising those who attended, and an open invitation to other scholars who did not attend. The Council's verdicts were to be based upon rulings derived from the main four schools of thought together with other sources within the Sunni Tradition, as well as the literalist school.

In its early stages, the Council sought the guidance of the opinions of the Muslim scholars, and was satisfied that it was fulfilling an essential task in a non-Islamic society by providing the legal set-up which decides Muslim family cases in the light of Islam. There was a general agreement among Muslim scholars that it is a must, in such cases, to establish such institutions to cater for the basic Shari'a needs of the Muslim community.

The Wife does not feel Completely Free to enter into another Marriage

By April 2002, the Council had dealt with almost four thousand five hundred cases presented to it. The majority of these cases concern divorce, where the wife has obtained a British divorce which is not accepted by the husband, who considers such a divorce to be unacceptable with no bearing upon his right as a husband. As a result, the wife does not feel completely free to enter into another marriage before obtaining an Islamic Talaq.

If there is a positive response from the husband, the Council will reason with him assuring him the return of his financial claim under the agreement of Khul'a, after which the Islamic divorce is granted. A great relief for the wife who is now free Islamically, to start a new life.

Although the Council is not legally Recognized, Experienced Scholars Help to Make a Positive Response to the Muslim Community

Though the Council is not yet legally recognized by the authorities in the UK, the fact that it is already established, and is gradually gaining ground among the Muslim community, and the satisfaction attained by those who seek its ruling, are all preparatory steps towards the final goal of gaining the confidence of the host community in the soundness of the Islamic legal system and the help and insight they could gain from it. The experience gained by the scholars taking part in its procedures make them more prepared for the eventuality of recognition for Islamic law.

Sitting back and waiting for the civic local authorities to solve the problems of the Muslim community does not present a positive response to the challenges facing the Muslims. Taking the initiative in building Islamic institutions whether in the field of worship, education, business transactions or in the field of jurisdiction, all represent practical viable answers to the challenges facing Muslims in the West.

Matrimonial Problems and Other Matters of Dispute amongst Parties of Muslims are Referred to the Council

This expresses at the same time a determination on the part of the Muslims that they are here to stay, and stay as a successful community which shares the common problems facing the present day society in a way which should enrich, vitalize and enhance the good relations between the two sections of the society, the immigrants and the indigenous.

Statistics:

 For more detailed statistics you can go to our "Statistics" page

 1982-1995  1,500 Cases
 1996-2002  3,000 Cases
 2003 - 2005 1500 Cases
 2006 to date About 4070 Cases handled